The mechanism being used by the global elite to unite all religions of the world. The ecumenical / interfaith movement is a movement interconnected with the Vatican, the UN, and various New Age organizations. Robert Muller has led the movement. Mr. Robert Muller was an assistant secretary general to three secretary-generals at the United Nations. He worked at the UN for 38 years and was an open advocate of a one-world government. In an interview with Irvin Baxter on the Politics and Religion radio program, Muller made the following statement, “We have brought the world together as far as we can politically.” He claimed that “to bring about a true world government, the world must be brought together spiritually.”
Then he said, “What we need is a United Nations of Religions. The political leaders meet every day at the United Nations, and they talk together. This has produced a consensus of opinion so that we actually have a world community, which for the most part speaks with a common voice.” Then he added, “The religious leaders won’t even speak to one another most of the time. We need a United Nations of Religions.”
Although embracing other religions and uniting the world’s religious leaders is a worthy cause, the interfaith / ecumenical movement from the outset was that this call to unity was based on compromise rather than truth. Long-held Biblical truths that our religious forefathers had worked and died for were cast aside like so much obsolete baggage. If the call for unity had been based on truth, Christians could have come together and prayerfully sought out the truths around which they should unify. They could have said, “Let’s pray and study until we know what the Bible actually teaches.” Then we could have had a true Christian rebirth. This was never the goal, but rather a very sinister one – to destroy Judaeo Christian values and culture and manipulate them to accept a single, false religion.
The globalist pushing for a New World Order have a long history of trying to control and manipulate the population. Their goals and objectives show they have targeted the education system, religious organizations, government, and any other means of influence to advance their goals. Adam Weishaupt, the founder of the Illuminati, had 3 major goals: (1) abolition of Christianity, (2) abolition of all governments, and (3) abolition of private property. These are too evil to believe and too sinister to achieve without deception, so as always, they have disguised the true aims with counterfeit goals that allow undiscerning leaders to buy-in to a New World Order and a United World Religion, and therefore the duped unknowingly assist in pushing the evil agenda.
James Perloff gives an outstanding history of the War on Christianity in our glossary. Read it for a full understanding. An abbreviated history of the Illuminati goal of abolishing Christianity under the guise of a One World Religion follows:
On May 1, 1776 Adam Weisaupt establishes the Illuminati, an occult religion with the following goals that would eventually allow them to achieve world domination: 1) Abolition of all ordered governments, 2) Abolition of private property, 3) Abolition of inheritance, 4) Abolition of patriotism, (5) Abolition of the family, (6) Abolition of religion, and (7) Creation of a world government.
In 1798, John Robison publishes a book entitled “Proofs of a Conspiracy Against All the Religions and Governments of Europe, Carried on in the Secret Meetings of Free Masons, Illuminati, and Reading Societies” in which he reveals that Adam Weishaupt had attempted to recruit him. He exposes the diabolical aims of the Illuminati to the world. In the Publisher’s preface Robison confirms Weishaupt’s evil plan, “Weishaupt devised an ingenious vehicle for world conquest — a secret Order. He called it the Illuminati Order and grafted it, at selected points, onto Freemasonry — like a fungus…” Thus, the first part of the book deals with Freemasonry and provides an examination of the Masonic movement in the places and at the time the Illuminati Order came into being… It was in this Lodge — to which Weishaupt belonged — that the Illuminati Order was organized by him as a secret organization within a secret organization. It took a number of years before the existence of this secret society within a secret society came to light … In the third chapter of the book … Robison attempts to reveal how after the Bavarian Court of Enquiry exposed and banned the Illuminati Order and its leaders, the Order went underground and emerged as a network of Reading Societies throughout Germany. The goal of this literary network was to monopolize the writing, publication, reviewing and distribution of all literature, more effectively to control the minds of the readers. In this chapter, one sees more clearly than ever how the conspiracy used the printed word as its ultimate weapon in subverting the minds of the people … But most important is the revelation that this was a conspiracy conceived, organized, and activated by professionals and intellectuals, many of them brilliant but cunning and clever, who decided to put their minds in the service of total evil; a conspiracy conceived not by Masons as Masons, but by evil men using Freemasonry as a vehicle for their own purposes.” “It was then discovered that … the express aim of this Order was to abolish Christianity, overturn all civil government, and abolish private property.“
In March 1846, the following extracts are taken from the correspondence of the Italian “Alta Vendita or Haute Vente,” commonly supposed to have been the governing center of European Freemasonry at the time. The documents were seized by the Pontifical Government in 1846. They were communicated by Pope Gregory XVI to Cretineau-Joly (March, 1846), who published them in his work “L’Eglise en face de la Revolution” with the approval of Pius IX. A quote from the documents reads, “Our ultimate end is that of Voltaire and of the French Revolution, the final destruction of Christianity, and even of the Christian idea. The work which we have undertaken is not the work of a day, nor of a month, nor of a year. It may last many years, a century, perhaps; in our ranks the soldiers die; but the fight goes on… Crush the enemy whoever he may be; crush the powerful by means of lies and calumny…”
In 1848 Karl Marx completes “The Communist Manifesto.” He not only advocates economic and political changes; he advocates moral and spiritual changes as well. He believes the family should be abolished, and that all children should be raised by a central authority. He expresses his attitude toward God by saying: “We must war against all prevailing ideas of religion, of the state, of country, of patriotism. The idea of God is the keynote of a perverted civilization. It must be destroyed.”
In 1869, Rev. Charles G. Finney, the great nineteenth century evangelist and longtime president of Oberlin College wrote a book exposing Freemasonry called ‘The Character, Claims, and Practical Workings of Freemasonry‘.On page one he says, “I know something about it, for I have been a Freemason myself.” On page eight: “I came to the deliberate conclusion, and could not avoid doing so, that my oaths had been procured by fraud and misrepresentations, and that the institution was in no respect what I had been previously informed it was. And, as I have had the means of examining it more thoroughly, it has become more and more irresistibly plain to my convictions that the institution is highly dangerous to the State, and in every way injurious to the Church of Christ.” Prominent ministers who joined Finney in exposing the Masonic institution included Rev. Torrey and Rev. Dwight L. Moody.
In 1884, the daughter of a Russian general living in Paris, Mademoiselle Justine Glinka, paid Joseph Schoerst (alias Shapiro), a member of the Jewish Mizraim Masonic Lodge, the sum of 2,500 francs for a “document [which] contained extraordinary dictated writings from assorted speeches which would later be included in the final compilation of the Protocols of Zion.” Schoerst was later murdered in Egypt. Henry Ford funded printing of 500,000 copies that were distributed throughout the US in the 1920’s. Adolf Hitler was a major proponent. It was studied in German classrooms after the Nazis came to power in 1933 to explain why the German culture had morally declined and why they must be expelled from the country. The Times of London claimed they were fraudulent in 1921, however Ford researched the documents finding them to be authentic. Ford said it should also serve as proof that history shows them to be true, and as we can observe – proof is in history that has followed its pattern since.
Protocol 13 details the dark agenda that all religions will be abolished in favor of a single false religion which their chosen philosophers will falsely lead them at the time they think they will come to rule their kingdom, while they (the self-appointed) guardians of truth, continue in their own false Luciferian religion.
In May 1919, a partial list of Communist Rules for Revolution (Captured at Dusseldorf by Allied Forces) revealed the following goals: (1) Corrupt the young; get them away from religion and interested in sex. Make them superficial; destroy their ruggedness. (2) By specious argument cause the breakdown of the old moral virtues: honesty, sobriety, continence, faith in the pledged word, ruggedness. (3) Encourage civil disorders and foster a lenient and soft attitude on the part of government toward such disorders. (4) Divide the people into hostile groups by constantly harping on controversial matters of no importance. (5) Get people’s minds off their government by focusing their attention on athletics, sexy books, plays, and other trivialities. (6) Get control of all means of publicity. (7) Destroy the people’s faith in their natural leaders by holding the latter up to contempt, ridicule and obloquy (disgrace). (8) Cause the registration of all firearms on some pretext, with a view to confiscation and leaving the population helpless.
On 22 July 1924, the Illuminati, under the guise of Marxist philosophers, formed a think-tank in 1923 called the Institute for Social Research (formed as The Frankfurt School in 1924) based in Frankfurt Univ. in Germany. They determined that the western civilizations were too “blinded by prosperity and relative well-being to recognize their class consciousness and bring about the communist revolution“. They determined they must divorce Marxism from economics and marry it more to the culture of these countries to succeed. They determined that the Christian culture of God, family, and country must first be destroyed and they set out a plan to do so through seminaries, churches, media, Hollywood, etc.
In 1928, “The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution” by H. G. Wells is published. A former Fabian socialist, Wells writes: “The political world of the Open Conspiracy must weaken, efface, incorporate, and supersede existing governments. The Open Conspiracy is the natural inheritor of socialist and communist enthusiasms; it may be in control of Moscow before it is in control of New York. The character of the Open Conspiracy will now be plainly displayed. It will be a world religion.”
In 1932, ‘Toward a Soviet America‘ (Elgin Enterprises, Inc.: Los Angeles) by William Z. Foster, national chairman of the Communist Party of the United States, was published. Foster died in 1961 in Moscow and was given a state funeral in the Kremlin. His book called for a U.S. Department of Education; implementation of a scientific materialist philosophy; studies revolutionized, being cleansed of religious, patriotic and other features of the bourgeois ideology; students taught on the basis of Marxian dialectical materialism, internationalism and general ethics of a new socialist society; present obsolete methods of teaching would be superseded by a scientific pedagogy. The whole basis and organization of capitalist science would be revolutionized. Science will become materialistic, hence truly scientific. God will be banished from the laboratories as well as from the schools. [Note from Iserbyte: Everything called for by Foster has taken place. “Scientific pedagogy” is OBE/mastery learning/direct instruction (Pavlov/Skinner). See the 1973 entry for Foundations of Behavioral Research, Second Edition, for some of the implications of implementing “a scientific materialistic philosophy.”]
On 26 January 1938, an interrogation of Christian Rakovsky, a Rothschild agent who was fighting for his life and his death sentence already pronounced, basically said to Stalin’s men: ‘if you interview me tonight, you will not kill me.” In light of Rakovsky’s powerful connections, Stalin was intrigued enough to order his chief interrogator, Gavriil G. Kusmin, to interview Rakovsky and see what he had to say. Red Symphony is a transcript of the interview – revealing astonishing explanations of Marx, Lenin, Trotsky, Hitler, and others; why the international bankers were behind communism, and many other interesting revelations. According to testimony allegedly given by Christian Rakovsky during the interrogation by the Stalinist police, Rakovsky stated that he and Leon Trotsky were representatives of an invincible power known as the Capitalist-Communist Financial International. This power, Rakovsky insisted, was being exercised by the House of Rothschild, which facilitated, financed and controlled the work of Karl Marx and the revolutionary communist movement from the outset. Rakovsky claimed that the organization created the Communist state as a “machine of total power” to establish a global dictatorship of the super-rich.
He said that Communism cannot triumph unless it suppresses the “still living Christianity.” He refers to the “permanent revolution” as dating from the birth of Christ, and the reformation as “its first partial victory” because it split Christianity. This suggests that the “conspiracy” also contains a racial or religious factor. “In reality, Christianity is our only real enemy since all the political and economic phenomena of the Bourgeois States. Christianity controlling the individual is capable of annulling the revolutionary projection of the neutral Soviet or Atheist State.”
In March 1942, an article in “TIME” magazine chronicles the Federal Council of Churches [which later becomes the National Council of Churches, a part of the World Council of Churches] lending its weight to efforts to establish a global authority. A meeting of the top officials of the council comes out in favor of: 1) a world government of delegated powers; 2) strong immediate limitations on national sovereignty; 3) international control of all armies and navies. Representatives (375 of them) of 30-some denominations assert that “a new order of economic life is both imminent and imperative” – a new order that is sure to come either “through voluntary cooperation within the framework of democracy or through explosive revolution.”
In 1946, the United States joins the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) which set in motion the destabilization of our society through the rejection of absolute morals and values, Judeo-Christian tradition, and Roman law. Legislation authorizing United States membership in UNESCO marked the end of United States autonomy in a very crucial area: that of education. From this time on UNESCO would dictate education policy to our government and others. That same year, “The Psychiatry of Enduring Peace and Social Progress” in the William Alanson White Memorial Lectures by Major General G.B. [Brock] Chisholm, C.B.E., M.D., Deputy Minister of Health, was published. Several points are made to leave it to the UN to determine what is right and wrong, not churches or parents.
In April 1953, Herbert A. Philbrick, nine years an undercover FBI agent, operating in the top level of the Communist apparatus in the United States, had this to say in an article titled “The Communists Are After Your Church!” in the Christian Herald: “It is no accident that your church is the number-one target of the Communist conspiracy in America today. . . . Virtually no Communist or Communist-front activity takes place today without ministerial and church support, sponsorship or participation…”
In 1954, Bella Dodd, a leader of the Communist Party of America (CPUSA) in the 1930’s and 40’s who defected, wrote “School of Darkness”, which reveals that Communism was a hoax perpetrated by Jewish Illuminati financiers “to control the common man” and to advance world tyranny. Dodd describes Communism as “a strange secret cult” whose goal is the destruction of Western (i.e. Christian) Civilization. Millions of naive idealists (“innocents”) are tricked by its chicanery, but it cares only for power.
November 1, 1957 – Judge Robert Morris, Chief Counsel of the U. S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, in an address before the 16th Annual Convention of the American Council of Christian Churches, warned that Communists have infiltrated the churches and he declared, “Communists in the United States are the advance guard of the legions that are grinding down Hungarian freedom fighters in the streets of Budapest.” Then he appealed: “I adjure you to take up your own brand of arms in this titanic endeavor. Plunge into the tasks ahead with all your skill and evangelistic fervor. This is the greatest challenge that man has ever encountered.”
June 25, 1962 – Engel v. Vitale “The Regents School Prayer” ruled unconstitutional: The New York school system had adopted a prayer to be said before the start of each day’s classes. This prayer was to help promote good moral character of the students, spiritual training and help combat juvenile delinquency. The regents wrote a prayer for the schools which had to be non-sectarian or denominational. It was so bland that it became known to some religious leaders as the “to whom it may concern prayer.”
January 10, 1963 – the House of Representative and later the Senate began reviewing a document entitled “Communist Goals for Taking Over America.” It contained an agenda of 45 separate issues that, in hindsight was quite shocking back then and equally shocking today. Here, in part, are some key points listed in that document.
- 1. acceptance of coexistence as the only alternative to atomic war.
- 11. Promote the U.N. as the only hope for mankind. If its charter is rewritten, demand that it be set up as a one-world government with its own independent armed forces.
- 25. Break down cultural standards of morality by promoting pornography and obscenity in books, magazines, motion pictures, radio, and TV.
- 28. Eliminate prayer or any phase of religious expression in the schools on the ground that it violates the principal of “separation of church and state.”
June 17, 1963 – Murray v. Curlett ruling: School Prayer removed from school by Supreme Court – Madalyn Murray O’Hair, a militant left wing atheist with close ties to the American Communist Party, took the school board of Baltimore to court for allowing prayer in school. The local court judge J. Gilbert Pendergast dismissed the petition stating, “It is abundantly clear that petitioners’ real objective is to drive every concept of religion out of the public school system.” The case went to the Maryland Court of Appeals, and the court ruled, “neither the First nor the Fourteenth Amendment was intended to stifle all rapport between religion and government.”
June 17, 1963 – Abington Township School District v. Schempp “Bible reading in school” ruled unconstitutional by Supreme Court – The Pennsylvania school system complied with a state law requiring that ten verses of scripture be read every day. The readings were without interpretation, comment or questions asked, and any student could request to be excused. It was voluntary without coercion, and the Schempp girl never asked to be excused and even volunteered to read the Bible on occasions. (This point was not brought up when the case was before the Supreme Court.) Yet the parents brought the case to court on grounds that it was coercion. This case came to the Supreme Court at the same time as the Murray v. Curlett case, and the court ruled on them together. After these last 2 cases were decided, the court’s ruling stated that Prayer and / or Bible reading was a violation of the establishment clause of the first amendment. In so ruling the court established a secular religion for our school system, thus violating the “establishment clause” of the First Amendment. And thus the First Amendment has been completely revised with regard to religious freedom, putting the restrictions on the people and not the government.
Mar 20, 1969 – There was a meeting of pediatricians and students which took place at the Pittsburgh Pediatric Society and one of the speakers was Dr. Richard Day, an eminent professor and physician as well as well as Director of Planned Parenthood. He asked that no notes or recordings be made of the meeting due to possible danger and/or consequences, but one student did take notes. Dr. Day then revealed not just what is planned for the entire world’s people but also how this evil cabal intend to carry out this plan. He elaborates on the ‘Blending of all Religions …. The Old Religions will have to Go’.
He said: “Religion is not necessarily bad. A lot of people seem to need religion, with it’s mysteries and rituals – so they will have religion.” But the major religions of today have to be changed because they are not compatible with the changes to come. The old religions will have to go. Especially Christianity. Once the Roman Catholic Church is brought down, the rest of Christianity will follow easily. Then a new religion can be accepted for use all over the world. It will incorporate something from all of the old ones to make it more easy for people to accept it, and feel at home in it. Most people won’t be too concerned with religion. They will realize that they don’t need it.
In order to do this, the Bible will be changed. It will be rewritten to fit the new religion. Gradually, key words will be replaced with new words having various shades of meaning. Then, the meaning attached to the new word can be close to the old word. And as time goes on, other shades of meaning of that word can be emphasized, and then gradually that word replaced with another word. I don’t know if I’m making that clear. But the idea is that everything in Scripture need not be rewritten, just key words replaced by other words. And the variability in meaning attached to any word can be used as a tool to change the entire meaning of Scripture, and therefore make it acceptable to this new religion. Most people won’t know the difference; and this was another one of the times where he said: “… the few who do notice the difference won’t be enough to matter.” Then followed one of the most surprising statements of the whole presentation: He said: ” … some of you probably think the churches won’t stand for this [and he went on to say] The churches will help us!”
1973 – The Second Manifesto was written by Paul Kurtz and Edwin H. Wilson, and was intended to update and replace the previous one. Among the oft-quoted lines from this 1973 Manifesto are, “No deity will save us; we must save ourselves,” and “We are responsible for what we are and for what we will be,” both of which may present difficulties for members of certain Christian, Jewish, and Muslim sects, or other believers in doctrines of submission to the will of an all-powerful God.
Expanding upon the role the public education establishment should play to bring about the goals described in the Humanist Manifesto II, John Dunphy wrote: “I am convinced that the battle for humankind’s future must be waged and won in the public school classroom by teachers that correctly perceive their role as proselytizers of a new faith: a religion of humanity that recognizes and respects the spark of what theologians call divinity in every human being…The classroom must and will become an arena of conflict between the old and new — the rotting corpse of Christianity, together with all its adjacent evils and misery, and the new faith of humanism, resplendent with the promise of a world in which the never-realized Christian ideal of ‘love thy neighbor’ will finally be achieved.”
1976 – Reporters Gerard Colby and Charlotte Dennett travelled to Brazil as part of a journalistic team to write stories about the work of Christian missionaries in the Amazon basin. High on Colby and Dennett’s list of priorities was to learn about a mysterious missionary organization called the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL). This outfit, also known as the Wycliffe Bible Translators, had gotten kudos from both conservatives and liberals for translating the Bible into hundreds of indigenous languages in Central and South America and helping native peoples cope with the intrusion of Western civilization into their lives. However, Colby and Dennett had heard of a darker side to SIL. Numerous critics had alleged that SIL was the vanguard of the destruction of both the rainforests and their native inhabitants. They had heard from Latin American acquaintances that SIL was, in military fashion, a scouting party that surveyed the Amazonian hinterlands for potential sources of opposition to natural resource exploitation (read cattle ranching, clearcutting and strip mining) among native peoples and that it employed a virulent brand of Christian fundamentalism that relied on linguistics to undermine the social cohesion of aboriginal communities and accelerate their assimilation into Western culture. In addition to all this, numerous articles in the Latin American press accused SIL of being funded by the American intelligence community.
1980 – Supreme Court rules that the Ten Commandments cannot be posted in classrooms, “for a child might read them, reflect upon them and then obey them.” (Stone vs. Graham)
May 17, 1983 – President Reagan proposes a Constitutional Amendment to allow school prayer, however it was defeated by the Senate 10 months later though widely supported by the American people.
January 5, 1985 – Judge William Overton released his 38-page ruling in favor of the plaintiffs, the ACLU, ruling that creation science could not qualify as an alternative scientific explanation, on the pretext that it was primarily held by people who believed in the existence of God. This made them religious, and therefore all they believed was tainted with religiosity. Therefore creationism was a religious teaching, and therefore it could not be required in the schools on an “equal time” basis. Overton ruled that Arkansas Act 590 was therefore an attempt to establish religion in a state-supported school in violation of the First Amendment of the Constitution.
June 26, 1995 – Ecumenical Service Held in San Francisco to Celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Signing of the UN Charter: The service was hosted by Bishop William Swing of Grace Episcopal Church in San Francisco at the request of the UN. People attending were UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Princess Margaret of Great Britain, Arch Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa, President Lech Walesa of Poland and many other international dignitaries. After this ecumenical meeting, Bishop Swing decided he should investigate the possibility of establishing a United Religions Organization, or a United Nations of Religions. He traveled throughout 1996 visiting such people as Pope John Paul II, Bishop Desmond Tutu, the Dalai Lama and Mother Theresa. Coming back from those meetings, he reported that the reception to the idea of a UN of Religions was overwhelming. Consequently, in 1997, Reverend Swing decided to hold the first charter writing conference for the United Religions Organization.
August 28-31, 2000 – Millennium World Peace Summit: About three months after the United Religions was formed one week before the Millennium Summit for the world’s political leaders was held, there was a meeting held at the United Nations called the Millennium World Peace Summit. This was the first religious meeting ever held at the United Nations. The supposed concept behind this meeting was to bring about cooperation between the religious leaders of the world and the political leaders of the world, but almost certainly to begin the final push for a single false religion as planned by the New World Order. The Summit was sponsored by Ted Turner, who had gifted $1billion to the UN. Because he put up the money, Turner was the keynote speaker for the meeting. There were about a thousand religious leaders in attendance from all over the world. The hope of the World Peace Summit was to engage religious and spiritual leadership as an interfaith ally to the United Nations in its quest for peace, global understanding and international cooperation.
May 1, 2008 – Globalist puppet Tony Blair founded a new organization called the Tony Blair Faith Foundation. He stated, “Because of globalization moving us all closer together, we need a foundation that will re-educate the world so that religions can learn how to get along together in this ever-closer society.” Blair launched a curriculum at Yale University called “Faith and Globalization”, becoming the key guest lecturer there. The course has since spread to other prestigious colleges. Realizing he needed to reach more than a few prestigious colleges, Tony Blair launched a new curriculum called “Face to Faith” and partnered with the Clinton Foundation in 2010 in order to re-educate the high school students of the world with Interfaithism.
Apr 6, 2009 – Obama proclaimed to the nation of Turkey that “Whatever we once were, we are no longer a Christian nation”
September 2016 – A nearly 300 page document by the US Commission on Civil Rights, titled “Peaceful Coexistence: Reconciling Nondiscrimination Principles with Civil Liberties,” states, “The government of the United States is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion.” “Religious exemptions to the protections of civil rights based upon classifications such as race, color, national origin, sex, disability status, sexual orientation, and gender identity, when they are permissible, significantly infringe upon these civil rights,” the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights’ report concluded. “The phrases ‘religious liberty’ and ‘religious freedom’ will stand for nothing except hypocrisy so long as they remain code words for discrimination, intolerance, racism, sexism, homophobia, Islamophobia, Christian supremacy or any form of intolerance,” wrote the Chairman Martin Castro.
Chronological History of Events Related to the One World Religion Agenda
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Targets Religious Freedom in Conditioning Campaign for a One World Religion
Ecumenical Service Held in SF to Celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Signing of the UN Charter. Also Marked the Beginnings of the United Religions Initiative
Canadian Journalist, Serge Monast, Exposes Project Blue Beam – a Scientific Plan to Usher in a One World Religion and New World Order
Secret Society Insider, Dr. Richard Day, National Medical Director of Planned Parenthood, Reveals the Global Elite’s Evil Plan for Humanity
Alice Bailey Publishes ‘Externalization of the Hierarchy’ – the Plan to Impose a Satanic New World Order on Society
An article in “TIME” magazine chronicles the Federal Council of Churches Lending its Weight to Efforts to Establish a Global Authority